A traditional college degree in Computer Science or Engineering is not enough to pursue a career in IoT.
Internet of Things or IoT is an emerging sector. With the growing number of IP-enabled devices, it has been predicted that IoT devices will grow exponentially and by 2025 there will be more than 21 billion IoT devices in the global market.
But what is IoT and what are its implications in our daily life?
Today everything is connected to the internet. IoT devices use internet technology and with the help of encrypted chips, they store relevant data and transfer this data over the network without any human interaction. In short, IoT devices are ‘smart’ devices like wireless sensors, computers, digital devices, security cameras, smart speakers, or even heart monitors implanted on a human body.
So, broadly speaking, the Internet of Things is a network of connected devices that processes valuable data and information and automates tasks that are repetitive or time-consuming and makes our life simple. It is a confluence of network connectivity, cloud-computing, sensor-based technology, AI/ML (Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning) technology, and data analytics that allows responsive communication between devices, people, and even animals through UIDs (unique identifiers) and injectable biochip transponders.
The inception of cloud-computing and other associated applications like ML and AI has witnessed an exponential growth and adoption of IoT technologies in the industrial sector. Industrial IoT (IIoT) is used in several industries like cybersecurity, healthcare, transportation, energy, manufacturing, supply chains, smart cities, aviation, etc.
So, what will it take to build a career in IoT?
IoT is a dynamic field. A traditional college degree in Computer Science or Engineering is not enough to pursue a career in IoT. Other skills like mobile application designing or UI (User Interface) development and soft skills like teamwork are important skills for an IoT professional.
Looking for IoT skills to develop? Here are the top 14 IoT skills that will give you a head start in the career.
Top 14 IoT Skills
The job landscape is continuously evolving. Tech professionals need to keep up with the evolving trends in order to survive in the industry. Apart from technical skills, interpersonal skills also play a key role in career development. Here is a list of skills for an IoT professional.
1. Candidates with a background in Computer Science, Electronics, Engineering, software development, coding skills are suitable for a career in IoT.
2. Knowledge in cloud-based solutions and data analytics.
3. Exposure to embedded software development and other programming languages like C, C++, Java, SQL, SCALA, Python, Hadoop platform, HTML, CSS, Linux OS, etc.
4. Development of web-based applications through the implementation of UI/UX (User Interface/User Experience) solutions, graphic designs, Adobe Photoshop, AutoCAD Design, Sketch, etc.
5. Relevant exposure to big data storage and open-source frameworks.
6. Specialization in cybersecurity solutions, ethical hacking, IP networking, PKI (public key infrastructure), the security of wireless networks, etc.
7. Development of Android and iOS mobile applications.
8. Understanding of cloud computing, hardware programming, and Machine Learning.
9. In-depth knowledge of how sensors work and the ability to design them.
10. Knowledge of embedded chips and integrated circuits.
11. BI or Business Intelligence for collection, streaming, and storage of data from smart devices.
12. Ability to handle pressure and resolve problems.
13. To work as part of a team and collaborate ideas.
14. Self-train and learn about the different aspects of IoT.
Six Best IoT Careers
IoT jobs are quite lucrative and the average payout is quite high compared to other technical jobs. Sounds interesting? Here are a few popular career choices in IoT.
1. IoT Developers
IoT developers are software professionals and are one of the most popular job roles in the IoT sector. An IoT developer must be well-versed with coding skills, data analytics, programming languages, data algorithms, and software tools along with sound leadership qualities.
Qualifications: A Bachelor’s Degree or Masters in Information Technology/Computer Science/Engineering/Software Development. Certification courses in CompTIA Cloud+ will be an added advantage.
2. IoT Architects
IoT architects must have thorough knowledge about IoT sensors and their implementation, networking devices, security solutions, data management, etc. They should have good business acumen and help the company in developing IoT services.
Qualifications: A Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science/Engineering/Information Technology is a must. A certification course in Server+ and CompTIA Cloud+ along with good communication skills are needed.
3. IoT Embedded Systems Engineers
An embedded systems engineer should have strong knowledge about embedded systems, software development, programming, internet gateway, hardware working, firmware, and networking.
Qualifications: A Master’s Degree in Computer Science, Software Technology, or Engineering. Strong communication and writing skills. Knowledge about programming languages like C, C++, etc.
4. Cyber Security Engineer
A Cyber Security engineer provides security solutions and protects the networking systems, sensitive databases, and computers from cyber crimes and hacking. He should look after security problems and troubleshoots, network breaches, and communicate the problem to the relevant department.
Qualifications: A Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science/ Information Technology/ Computer Engineering. CompTIA CASP+ (CompTIA Advanced Security Practitioner) certification.
5. Data Scientists
Data Scientists are responsible for handling large volumes of databases, data management, business analysis, and the ability to work in a team.
Qualifications: A Bachelor’s Degree or Ph.D. in Computer Science/ Statistics/ Analytics/ Mathematics and related fields. Knowledge in programming languages like Hadoop, Python, Java, Pig, etc.
6. IoT Solutions Engineer
IoT Solutions Engineer collaborates with other engineers and architects to build solutions and application platforms for customers. They work closely with the teammates and the customers and deploy sensors and wireless network technology to offer customized solutions.
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