Discussion part of 4th Annual Education Conclave held virtually by Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry
The need for a learner-centric approach to education was underlined at the 4th Annual Education Conclave held digitally by the Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry (BCC&I), in collaboration with ABP Education.
Raman Jha, vice-chancellor, Amity University, Jharkhand; Saikat Maitra, vice-chancellor of MAKAUT; and Indranil Sen Gupta, vice-chancellor of JIS University discussed the “Pedagogy of Education from Teacher Centric to Learner Centric”.
The session was moderated by Dhrubajyoti Chattopadhyay, the vice-chancellor of Sister Nivedita University (SNU).
Experts from the session:
Raman Jha, Amity University, Jharkhand
Pedagogy is defined as the theory and practice of education. The term refers to the method of how teachers actually teach in theory and in practice. It is formed by educators teaching beliefs and concerns that integrate different ways to learn. The alternate term to pedagogy is andragogy where the teacher is at the centre and the students are all around. In contrast, pedagogy is where the teacher is at the top and others are simply the receivers.
The essential tenet of andragogy is that students must understand why they are being asked to study. Shifting from a teacher-centric to a learner-centric approach is a positive step that we must take as soon as possible. However, we discover ways to make something out of our students and let them learn about things and create things in a collaborative manner which means you may be an expert in one thing but you must also study other things in order to learn.
Instead of leaving it to students and giving them instructions to complete it, learner pedagogy allows them to have a say. There should be open-ended conversation. Allow students and teachers to participate, encourage students to work together on group projects and reflect on what they've learned, and involve students in community-based activities.
To stay local and fit in globally, faculty members must advocate a student-centric approach.
Saikat Maitra, MAKAUT
Technical advancements have led to remarkable increase in learning and digital learning materials, which has created the potential to learn anything, anytime, and anywhere. The pace of technological advancement has accelerated to the point that we must adhere to a culture of learning and lifelong learning. For this reason, a learner-centric strategy is one of the best options.
Anything we learn from personal experience tends to stay in our subconscious mind, whereas whatever we compile to learn under the pressure of exams occupies our conscious mind and causes us to forget. Things we learn from our personal experiences stay with us and strengthen our cognitive ability, critical thinking ability and problem-solving ability. The moment has come to rethink the entire country's education scenario.
We need to start encouraging and supporting self-learning approaches and ask students to collaborate with their peers because the young mind has huge potential for conceiving something new and innovative.
We must encourage kids to learn by researching cultures, doing things on their own and using their own conception and perspective. If we can accomplish that, our learning community will be able to provide their best to society and country.
Indranil Sen Gupta, JIS University
When asked if they get any benefit from coming to class and listening to the professors, many students say they don't because there is similar or better material available on the internet, which is one of the reasons why students often don’t feel motivated to attend class.
Students want more options; they don't want to be confined by curriculum notes, so there are more elective options available in addition to the main course.
Instead of treating a classroom as a place where teachers come to impart their knowledge to students, the classroom could be transformed into a workshop for the students. We could share study materials and they could study offline at their leisure. When they come to class, they should bring their doubts and questions so that the classroom can become a place where students and teachers can discuss.
We can upgrade our learning system by giving students much more flexibility, allowing them to take up the choices they want and try to make them better citizens by giving them skill-based projects and motivating them to do it.
Dhrubajyoti Chattopadhyay, Sister Nivedita University
The switch to learner-centric education is the best that could happen in keeping with the dynamic nature of the curriculum. The pandemic has acted as a catalyst to aid this transformation in a very rapid manner.
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